Critical infrastructure and its definition in the current legislation
The main task of the governments of the member countries of the European community is to ensure sovereignty, development of the country and the security of their population, as defined by their constitutions. The Czech Republic, as well as other developed countries, is actively concerned about potential threats to its population, the vulnerability of economic entities, and ensuring basic state functions and the vital needs of its citizens, especially in crisis situations. Protection of life, human health, property andthe environment is not possible without ensuring the proper functioning of the systems that make up the physical and cyber background of a state - critical infrastructure.
Critical infrastructure is an international phenomenon, and a terrorist attack on any state may result in the destruction of infrastructures over a wide geographic area. It is therefore necessary to ensure the functioning of critical infrastructures both autonomously, at the level of nation-states and with regard to the above mentioned connectedness. In today's global society, it is also necessary to ensure that individual states cooperate on the protection of critical infrastructures, because of their mutual vulnerability and the interdependence of these systems. The European Union regulates these areas with series of individual directives, and the member states, including the Czech Republic, are implement them into their national legislation, each state choosing its own method and extent.
In order for a state to be able to maintain the aforementioned functions in all situations, under both “normal” and crtitical conditions, it must have at its disposal all the elements, links and flows of state that are the basis of its ability to maintain stability and to start further development in any situation.
ACCORDING TO THE GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC NO. 432/2010 SB. ABOUT CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENTS ARE STRUCTURAL CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING THE ASPECTS OF THESE ELEMENTS:
- Victim threshold of more than 250 deaths or more than 2,500 people with a consecutive stay in hospital for longer than 24 hours,
- Economic impact with a threshold of a loss to the state of more than 0.5% of gross domestic product, or
- Impact on the public with a threshold of extensive restrictions on the provision of essential services or other serious intervention into everyday life involving more than 125,000 people.
- decreasing vulnerability,
- protection of people and critical resources and systems – to which the existence of the company is dependent,
- creation of conditions for prevention and preparedness for coping with the disruption of critical infrastructure as part of the development area program,
- securing the rights of citizens to aid in the event of the disruption of critical infrastructure and to ensure their awareness of the prepared measures for dealing with emergencies, their responsibilities, how they can help in their prevention, and how they should react to such situations.
Critical infrastructure consists of elements or system elements (buildings, equipment,
facilities or public infrastructure) and their operators. Functional disruption would have a
serious impact on national security, the security ofthe basic vital needs of the population, health or
economy of the state.
Structural criteria for the determination of critical infrastructure elements:
- regardingdisabled persons
- regarding economic losses,
- regardingrestrictions on the provision of basic services to the population.